¿Qué viene después del capitalismo? 5 esperanzadoras alternativas

Autor: ecoosfera
Vía ecoosfera | Octubre 25, 2017

El capitalismo es un tema polémico y mucho de lo que se puede decir o pensar, está basado en la pura especulación. Mientras que prácticamente todo el mundo vive o es afectado por el sistema capitalista, en realidad, pocos saben con certeza cómo funciona y, muchos menos cómo desarticularlo. Pero ¿por qué preguntarse sobre el capitalismo? Y, sobre todo ¿por qué ponerlo a discusión?

Hay muchas consecuencias negativas del sistema económico que nos rige. La primera, es que su sustento ideológico se ha filtrado a otros ámbitos, como la política y el arte que se han convertido en mercados, en donde el valor que más importa es el dinero y adquirir nuevas posesiones. Por otro lado, el capitalismo nos ha hecho pensar, precisamente, que el dinero no sólo es parte de nuestra vida, si no que es natural. Natural como respirar o como tomar agua. El dinero y el valor monetario de las cosas nos parecen evidentes. Sin embargo, hay otras formas de valuar los objetos.

Realmente parecería que hemos olvidado que el capitalismo es sólo una forma de vivir.

Sin embargo, sus fallas se están haciendo notar y esto nos hace preguntarnos si existen otras formas de vida. Y debe haberlas, pues en el mundo, actualmente, hay más de 700 millones de personas en estado de pobreza extrema, probando lo poco democrático que es este sistema. Además, debido a la sobreexplotación del medio ambiente, el capitalismo podría colapsar por desabasto de los recursos que sostienen los estilos de vida que promueve. Flora, fauna y personas somos víctimas de las consecuencias de la explotación en el entorno natural.

El capitalismo no trabaja para todos y las evidencias son muy claras.

Por ello, por lo menos en su versión más tradicional, está siendo lentamente abandonado. Poco a poco, las generaciones jóvenes se ligan con un pensamiento complejo, que ya no responde a esquemas verticales. Ahora, se pone la mira en una comprensión del mundo mucho más horizontal, en donde las acciones de cada uno afectan en un sentido amplio a todo lo que lo rodea. Está visión, mucho más holística, apuesta por la regeneración en lugar de la explotación y por una comprensión del entorno, tal vez más humilde, en donde los humanos no somos dueños de la tierra, sino que nos co-constituimos con el entorno.

De esta forma han surgido —por lo menos teóricamente— nuevos esquemas económicos, sociales y educativos que, a este paso, podrían sustituir al capitalismo más pronto de lo que parece. Aunque los gobiernos y las grandes instancias económicas se rehúsan a ver el cambio como posibilidad, la forma de vivir, pensar y consumir de las generaciones jóvenes, podrían devenir en un cambio no sólo de perspectiva, también estructural e ideológico.

Estas son algunas de las propuestas, que podrían convertirse en la realidad después del capitalismo:

Economía circular

Este tipo de economía pretende imitar los procesos cíclicos de la naturaleza donde la basura de unos, es alimento de otros; la energía viene siempre de fuentes renovables, y los materiales que se descomponen vuelven a formar parte del entorno. La clave está no sólo en el uso de energías sustentables, también en fabricar productos comerciales que se puedan desensamblar fácilmente, de tal forma que sus partes sirvan para generar nuevos productos o que estén hechos de materiales biodegradables.

Economía basada en la tierra

En primer lugar, propone adoptar energías renovables. La idea central es acercarse a una forma de economía tribal, ligada a una visión indígena, en donde el espíritu de cada elemento natural tiene un valor propio. Esta visión económica piensa que tenemos que basar nuestros esquemas en sobrevivir, no en conquistar o conseguir más de lo necesario. La comida y la alimentación están al centro de esta economía, pues en los alimentos converge una relación equilibrada con la tierra y el desarrollo de la vida.

Economía regenerativa

Lo que comparte esta propuesta con otras es que se centra en el uso de energías renovables. La premisa central es que el capital original, que da pie a la producción de cualquier cosa, debería ser regenerativo y extensivo. Mientras que la economía regenerativa no se considera contraria al capitalismo —incluso supone que podría ejecutarse a la par del mismo— se trata de cambiar la visión completamente. Los dos recursos más valiosos deberían ser el sol y el medio ambiente, más que cualquier otro, sólo de esta forma se puede producir una economía plenamente sostenible.

Economía post-desarrollo

Esta propuesta ataca los problemas desde un lugar un poco distinto. La idea central es que el desarrollo económico no puede ser infinito, pues los recursos son finitos y el crecimiento de la población debería ser finito. En ese sentido, hay un punto en donde el desarrollo económico y social tiene que dejar de ser la meta central de la humanidad. Lo que importa es alcanzar mejores índices de bienestar, no de desarrollo. Esto, sin abandonar las características positivas que nos ha dejado el sistema existente. Por último, toda acción que busque bienestar en lugar de desarrollo deberá realizarse con vistas a la cooperación, a la justicia social y a la ecología, de forma local y global.

Economía del decrecimiento

Cercana a la propuesta anterior, pero distinta, pues esta sí está en contra del sistema capitalista. Se plantea abandonar dentro de lo posible la noción de desarrollo y promover una vida mucho menos dedicada a la producción de capital y centrada en la producción de bienestar social. Se refleja particularmente en la propuesta de trabajar menos y hacerlo de forma colaborativa y pasar más tiempo disfrutando actividades como arte, música, estar en la naturaleza, con la familia y todo tipo de manifestaciones de cultura.

Creemos en tu trabajo y opinión, por eso lo difundimos con créditos; si no estás de acuerdo, por favor contáctanos.


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6 Powerful Ways to Build Unbreakable Self-Discipline

Author: Max Weigand
Via Life Hack | January 25, 2017

If you look at your life right now, what is the reason you are not as successful, happy, or healthy as you could be at this point in your life?

Apart from many excuses, there is probably just one simple reason: Lack of self-discipline. You simply don’t do what you need to do to enjoy the levels of success you want. If you think about it, what does it really take for you to be successful in all areas of your life? Chances are, it’s no secret. Everybody knows what it takes to get in shape, but how many people are? Everyone knows what to do to perform better at their job, but how many people still don’t do it? Everyone knows which foods to avoid and which ones to eat, but most people still don’t do that, either.

In short, all the knowledge in the world is worth nothing if you don’t possess the self-discipline to use that knowledge. Elbert Hubbard defined self-discipline as “the ability to do what you have to do, when you have to do it, whether you feel like it or not.” It is the one skill that is necessary above anything else to succeed in any endeavour.

Success in life comes from the actions you take on a consistent basis; and only self-discipline allows you to do that.

Here are 6 powerful ways to build unbreakable self-discipline:

1. “If it’s to be, it’s up to me.” – William Johnson

No matter what your goals are in life, there is one great law that you need to obey in order to be successful: No one else is going to climb the ladder of success for you. No one else is responsible for your health, wealth, happiness, or success. From the day you leave your parents’ house and start to make your own choices, you are responsible for your life and the choices you make. You choose the job you work in, the person you live with, and how much you exercise every day. Only you can choose how you spend your time, and the decisions you make on a consistent basis will make or break your life.

If you want a better life, you need to make better decisions. You can blame other people for your lack of results or happiness all life long, but it doesn’t change anything. Only you can change your life by changing the choices you make. Take responsibility for everything in your life, even if you can’t directly influence it. Even if it’s not in your direct control, you can always choose how you respond.

2. The Big Enemy of Success

According to motivational speaker Brian Tracy, the biggest enemy to success is the path of least resistance. If you choose what is fun and easy over what is necessary, you will never reach the levels of success and happiness you are capable of achieving in your life. That’s because every great victory requires great sacrifice. If success was easy, everybody would be successful. But because success in any area of your life requires hard work and sacrifices, most people will never reach their full potential.

Whenever you decide not to what you should be doing, you not only waste your opportunity to grow as a person, but you also lose confidence in yourself. You start to see yourself as lazy and unsuccessful, and that self-image will become a successful prophecy.

To achieve any goal you have, there are only three things you need: A clear vision for what it is you want, a plan to get there, and massive action consistently repeated over time! While the first two parts are the easy parts of the equation, most people struggle with the last part: Hard work.

There is nothing that you can’t achieve with hard work, so it is necessary that you build the habit of choosing what is hard and necessary over what is fun and easy to do. Doing this is probably the surest way to succeed in life.

3. Think Longterm

To quote Abraham Lincoln, “The best way to predict the future is to create it.” If you ever wonder where you will be 10 years from now, look at your current life. What actions are you taking to make your goals reality? How many books are you reading to grow as a person, and how many new things are you learning? Which people are you associating with? Are you putting in the effort necessary to achieve your goals today?

People oftentimes think that their lives will suddenly change through some magical event in the future, but that is not the case. Your life changes only to the extent that you change. If you are not happy with your current circumstances, are you taking actions to change them? If not, you are just daydreaming. Nothing will ever change if you don’t change what you do daily. As Aristotle noted over 2000 years ago, “We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence then, is not an act, but a habit.”

A great way to actively create your future is to ask yourself: If I already achieved my goals, how would I act on a daily basis? What books would I read, how often would I work out, and how would I spend my time at the office?

Once you answer these questions, you know what to do. Act as if you were already successful.

4. Obstacles are Part of Success

In life, nothing worth having comes easy. You have to make sacrifices in the form of time, effort, pain, and hard work if you want to succeed. There will be many setbacks, and any time you get close to finally succeeding, there will be some more adversity testing how bad you really want it. Only after passing one more test, and then another, will you be able to succeed.

The great tragedy of life is that most people give up right before achieving success. They already made it to the five yard line, and all they need is one final push to make the touchdown and bring home the sweet victory. But right before they do that, there is one final obstacle standing in their way – one last failure that they need to overcome. Way too many people give up right then and there, without realizing how close they are.

If you just take one thing from this post, let is be this: Whenever you encounter failure and adversity, keep going! Success is supposed to be hard because that’s what makes it so special. If it was easy, anybody could do it. But it’s hard, and that’s your chance to separate yourself from the people that don’t want it as bad as you.

The only way to grow as a person is by facing the biggest challenges in life and enduring long enough to succeed. No matter how long it takes or how hard it gets, always remember the words of motivational speaker Les Brown: “It’s not over until I win!”

5. Rewrite Your Goals Every Day

To maximize your self-discipline every day, it is necessary that you keep the bigger picture in mind. Only by remembering why you do what you do will you take the necessary actions and follow through even if it gets hard. After all, you don’t just work so hard for no reason. You have specific goals that you want to achieve that make all the effort worth it.

As Nietzsche said, “He who has a ‘why’ to live for, can bear almost any ‘how.’” I believe this to be absolutely true. If you know what you want to do, and you have enough reasons to do it, you will do whatever it takes.

The problem is, we tend to get so caught up in working and achieving our goals that we forget why we started in the first place. We forget why we do what we do and instead get overwhelmed by a seemingly endless to-do list. No wonder that most people seem so unexcited and even bored with life – they have no goals to strive for!

The easiest way to counter this problem is by rewriting your goals every day and imagining the future as you want it. Every morning after waking up, write down the most important goals you have for your life. This will not only immediately get you motivated and excited, but also crystal clear on what you need to do to succeed. Only when you are focused on your goals and your vision for your life are you able to make decisions that contribute to those goals.

6. Decide in Advance That You Will Never Give Up

To make sure that you stay strong in the face of adversity, make sure to resolve in advance how you will respond once it occurs. You need to have a plan for what to do when all hell breaks loose, or else it is too easy to just give up. When writing your goals, commit to making them come true, no matter how hard it may be. Determine how you will respond to failures and setbacks so you can bounce back stronger and better than ever before.

If you make this commitment and never break it, you will succeed at anything you set your mind to. Maybe not immediately, but definitely.

Photo credit: Jack Moreh via freerangestock.com

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